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Columbus's contemporary, Oviedo, credited the man for being the 'first discoverer' of the Americas; Columbus had 'found' 'new' lands, cities, and peoples (Historia general de las Indias [Seville: Cromberger, 1535], fol. 1v). Las Casas later linked this attribution to his own criticism that Columbus 'had made taxpayers of the Indians there' (Brevíssima relación [Seville: Trugillo, 1552], fol. 192r). The verbs associated with Columbus's conduct evolved away from ones that either celebrated or affirmed Spanish possession of the New World to include ones like destroyed, devastated, exterminated, and ruined in the subsequent tomes authored by William Robertson, Abbé Raynal, and Washington Irving. By the twentieth century, important works by Tzvetan Todorov and José Rabasa — to name just two of deep field of scholars — prefer 'invention' rather than 'discovery', 'the other' rather than 'the savage', and so on. As this example demonstrates scholars writing in any period reconsider past historical events according to the paradigms of the age; the approach to and conclusions drawn from research into the history of discovery and exploration vary remarkably depending upon the timeframe and the socio-cultural perspective in which that scholarship is conducted.
Is contemporary scholarship moving away from an establishment of the facts concerning the European exploration of the world—how they traveled, where, and when, and what they encountered — and toward an interest in the variety of narratives and perspectives afforded by an entire world that at one point or another discovered other parts of itself? How do we navigate the realities and dystopias, ethnocentricities and lack of understandings, inherent to the act of discovery conducted by men such as Columbus upon whose narratives and the history books they have engendered we rely for our own research? Do we answer these specific challenges by identifying and asserting new voices as well as counter-perspectives? What new consciousness might we possess today that requires us to revisit past scholarship so that we can reap new knowledge from these historical contexts? And, finally, what is the state of our discipline today; how and why does it remain relevant?
Essays and position papers are invited for a special series devoted to reflecting upon the scholarship of discovery and exploration. Early- and late-career scholars, graduate students, collectors as well as members of our association are encouraged to prepare article - length contributions (4000-6000 words) that will be peer reviewed about the state of our discipline. Specific topics might also include examples of new directions, epistemological and theoretical approaches, and trends in scholarship. Proposals for innovative ways of answering this Call for Papers are also welcome.
Please send inquiries, proposals, or completed manuscripts to the editor of Terrae Incognitae, Lauren Beck (lbeck@mta.ca). Submissions will be considered on a rolling basis for inclusion in the next five issues of Terrae Incognitae.

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At the fourth session of the United Nations Committee of Experts on Global Geospatial Information Management at the UN Headquarters in New York on 6 - 8 August 2014, the International Cartographic Association (ICA) Initiative on an International Map Year 2015/16 was endorsed.
The resolution says: The committee endorse the International Map Year 2015-2016 as proposed by the International Cartographic Association as a valuable means to promote the importance of maps and Geoinformation.
URL: http://internationalmapyear.org/ and
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/UNGEGN/docs/28th-gegn-docs/WP/WP76_fairbairn2_template-BR-2.pdf

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Newsletter No 51 cover
Newsletter No 51

Contents

  • Pictures at an Exhibition
    • Marshal Marmont's campaign maps and plans
    • Ancient Maps of Europe: a journey
  • Places with maps
    • The Bartolomé March collection of portolans, Palma de Mallorca
  • Looks at books
    • German war maps of Switzerland, a vademecum
    • Rügen Island on old maps. Four hundred years of history of cartography
    • Shorter bibliographical notes
  • History and Cartography
    • Ancient maps and modern politics
    • My Collection – Printed Maps of Devon
  • BIMCC news
    • How I got into cartography: Petra Svatek
    • Cartography in Times of War and Peace - ICA Symposium report
    • Mapping in times of war - Brussels Map Circle conference report
    • Brussels Map Circle Programme for 2015
  • International news
  • Events calendar
  • Exhibitions calendar
  • Auction calendar

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I would like to inform you that my professor here in Portugal, Henrique Leitão, which I have first met in Sint-Niklaas and who is a very good mentor to me, has won some days ago the famous Fernando-Pessoa-Prize, the most prestigious prize for culture in Portugal (*)(**).
Together with Henrique I have organized an international workshop in the Portuguese National Library about the relationship between Germany and Portugal during the time of the Renaissance (not related to map history) (***). I am now looking to find money to publish the proceedings of this conference in a German publishing house.
[...]
With best wishes from Portugal,
Thomas Horst

(*) http://algarve24.pt/en/news-culture/henrique-leitao-pessoa-prize/2014-12-12
(**) http://ishm.elte.hu/
(***) http://www.bnportugal.pt/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=977%3Aworkshop-internacional-renaissance-craftsmen-and-humanistic-scholars-european-circulation-of-knowledge-between-portugal-and-germany-2021-nov&catid=164%3A2014&Itemid=998&lang=pt

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Session 1 - Military Cartography from the 18th-20th century

  • E.-S. Harju, The Sprengtporten Maps from the Southern Savo
  • P. Chias, The Peninsular War 1808-1814: Unpublished French and Spanish Cartography of the Guadarrama Pass and El Escorial
  • K. Henderson, From Peninsular War to Coordinated Cadastre: William Light's mapping of Portugal and Spain during Wellington's campaigns and Adelaide, the Grand Experiment in the Art of Colonisation

Session 2 - Military Cartography from the 18th-20th century (2)

  • R. Ehrenberg, Mapping Mr. Madison's War: American Military Cartography during the War of 1812
  • K. Cook, Partisan Cartography during the Kansas-Missouri Border War, 1854-1861
  • B. Sacks, Whose Islands? The Cartographic Politics of the Falklands, 1764-1982

Session 3 - World War I as a global conflict

  • S. Domingues, P. Salvado & J. Rocha, The Postal Service of the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (1916-1919): a time step analysis through historical data integration in a GIS environment
  • R. Moore, Over There the Yanks are Mapping: The Practices and Experiences of American Military Cartographers during World War I
  • A. Makrostergiou, Art, propaganda and humor in cartoonish and 'real' maps in the European press during WWI

Session 4 - World War I Cartography – Belgium

  • S. Verplaetse, Systematic analysis of trench maps to understand the Belgian World War One front zone landscape
  • W. Bracke, The image of Belgium in WWI through maps

Session 5 - World War I Cartography – Britain

  • P. Chasseaud, Not just Maps and Chaps: the human side of maps and survey in the First World War
  • J. Radunzel, Position Mapping: The Cartographic Process at the 3rd Battle of Gaza, 1917

Session 6 - World War I Cartography – the Balkan States

  • H. Teunissen, Mapping the Balkan Powder Keg 1871-1914
  • M. Stilinovic, Mapping the unknown mountains
  • M. Altic, The Peace Treaty of Versailles: The Role of Maps in Reshaping the Balkans in the Aftermath of WWI

Session 7 - World War I Cartography – Central Europe

  • J. Espenhorst, Structures of Military Cartography of the 'Mittelmächte': Survey and selected topics of German WWI cartography
  • J. Jeney, Changes of Borders Following the Great War: Military Operations or Peace Negotiations?
  • M. Rickenbacher, Fortification maps – a milestone towards modern Swiss cartography in the Great War

Session 8 - Military Map Collections

  • K. Sierag, Digitisation of the King's Military Collection: the map collection of George III at Windsor Castle
  • R. Mitchell, Contours of conflict: the highs and lows of military mapping at The National Archives of the United Kingdom
  • M. van Egmond, Fortress Europe: the Utrecht experience with georeferencing old siege and fortification plans

Session 9 - The Influence of World War I on Later Cartography

  • P. Nekola, A New Kind of Map for a New Kind of World: 1919, the Peace, and the Rise of Geographical Cartography
  • M. Greulich, Cartographic Zeitgeist, Ideological Revisions in WWI and Post-War Maps
  • J. Akerman, Mapping, Battlefield Tourbooks, and Remembering the Great War

Session 10 - Military Cartography from the 18th-20th century (3)

  • E. Liebenberg, Mapping for Empire: British military mapping in South Africa, 1806-1914
  • J. Nyssen, Aerial photographs of Ethiopia in the 1930s and derived maps
  • C. Board, The German High Command Map series, Great Britain and Ireland at 1:200 000

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History of Cartography Project receives NSF grant for continued work.
By Beth Freundlich, History of Cartography Project
13 August 2014
The University of Wisconsin's History of Cartography Project has been awarded a five-year grant from the National Science Foundation to study the origins and development of modern cartography. The research will facilitate preparation of Cartography in the Nineteenth Century, Volume Five of the groundbreaking History of Cartography series.
UW Senior Scientist Dr. Matthew Edney serves as the principal investigator for the NSF award and, as director of the History of Cartography Project, provides intellectual oversight for the series. He explains, "The intellectual merit of this NSF-funded research rests on the distinctive character of mapping activities in the 1800s. This is when the modern concept of cartography as the science of the measurement of the world first originated and when the character of modern spatial rationality was established."
The History of Cartography Project is a unique, international research and publishing venture, dedicated to promoting a deeper understanding of cartography among scholars and the general public alike. The first three volumes of the series are available in print and are freely available online at http://www.press.uchicago.edu/books/HOC/. The final three volumes will be published in print, as e-books, and online. Volume Six (Twentieth Century) will appear in spring 2015, publication of Volume Four (Enlightenment) is expected in 2018, and Volume Five (Nineteenth Century) will complete the series in 2021.
While the NSF grant will go a long way toward advancing work on Volume Five, the History of Cartography Project is also seeking private support. The Project hopes to raise USD 120 000 from private donors over the next two years. This would not only provide direct support for work on the series, it would also encourage another federal sponsor—the National Endowment for the Humanities—to provide matching funds as part of a pending proposal. For more information or to make a gift, visit http://www.geography.wisc.edu/histcart/ or http://www.supportuw.org/giveto/histcart

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